Monday, November 9, 2009

About Android

First of all, Android operating system is running on the Linux kernel 2.6.27, meaning stronger security, improved stability and a range of core applications enhancements. Android provides packs SIM Application Toolkit 1.0 and features are auto-checking and repair of SD cardfile-system. Just like the iPhone OS 3.0, Android comes with the SDK that adds new APIs which help developers create better apps.

Some of the features are simply catchup of the iPhone’s, like a new virtual keyboard or improved mobile web browser. Others are designed to add more punch through flashier eye candy, like animated window transitions, smooth, accelerometer-based application rotations between portrait and landscape modes and overall polish of user interface elements.

Android Features:
* Application framework enabling reuse and replacement of components
* Dalvik virtual machine optimized for mobile devices. -
* Integrated browser based on the open source WebKit engine
* Optimized graphics powered by a custom 2D graphics library; 3D graphics based on the OpenGL ES 1.0 specification (hardware acceleration optional)
* SQLite for structured data storage
* Media support for common audio, video, and still image formats (MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG, GIF)
* GSM Telephony (hardware dependent)
* Bluetooth, EDGE, 3G, and WiFi (hardware dependent)
* Camera, GPS, compass, and accelerometer (hardware dependent)
* Rich development environment including a device emulator, tools for debugging, memory and performance profiling, and a plugin for the Eclipse IDE
* Support Other platform. Andriod NDK for c,c++ Developer and ASM for phython developers

Reference: [1]

Top 10 features you’ll love about Android 1.5
  • Smart virtual keyboard
  • Home screen customizable with widgets
  • Live Folders for quick-viewing your data
  • Video recording and sharing
  • Picasa image uploading
  • Faster, standards-compliant browser
  • Voice Search
  • Stereo Bluetooth and hands-free calls
  • Snappier overall performance
  • Nice-to-haves
What are Other Mobile OS?
  • Symbian OS from Symbian Ltd,
  •  RIM BlackBerry operating system
  • iPhone OS from Apple Inc.
  • Windows Mobile from Microsoft
  • Linux operating system Palm webOS from Palm Inc.

The second Android Developer Challenge has begun! In this contest, real-world users will help review and score applications and the overall winner will take away $250,000 (read more...)

How to Program Google Android in eclipse
You can bulid your android application using the powerful Eclipse environment. This part introduces Android application development with the Eclipse plug-in, otherwise known as Android Development Tools. This provides an introduction to Android development with a quick introduction to the platform, a tour of Android Development Tools, and includes the construction of "Hello World " example applications.

This section provides to setup the right environment to develop the android application.

System Requirements
Eclipse Platform
Get the latest version of Eclipse 3.5 (Galileo) from (V3.5 was used in this tutorial).

Android Developer Tools
Get the latest version of Android SDK from (V2.0 was used in this tutorial).

Set The Android Environment

Steps to Install Eclipse and Add plugin
1. Get the Eclipse 3.5 archieve File from
2. Extract the archieve File and run the Eclipse
3. Click Help->Install New software->Add
4. Type : Name :Android plug-in
5. Install the Plug-in
6. Restart the Eclipse

Steps to Install Android SDK
2 : Run the Setup. - Goto the Commant pr
3 : You can see the popup (Android SDK and AVD Manager)
4 : If you encounter the following issue follow the solution, still if you have issue post your comments
Issue :Failed to fetch URL oid/repository/repository.xml

Solution :
Step 1 : Run the Tool
Step 2 : Change settings options and checked in [ misc section "force https:// ... sources to be fetched using http://..." ]
Step 3 : Restart application
Step 4 : Ensure the Option Selected.
5. Ensure your SDK is successfully updated.
Now the android environment is ready to create your application.

Develop Android Applications With Eclipse

You can develop your first android application using the below steps.

  • Create Emulator using the android toolkit
  • Configure Android SDK with your Eclipse
  • Create a demo Application

Create Device Using The Android Toolkit
1. Go to the SDK/tools/
2. Open a SDK Tool and run android.bat File
3. You can see the Android SDK and AVD Manager and Click "New"
4. Enter Device Name & Target Version and Click Create.

Configure Android SDK with your Eclipse
1. Open Eclipse
2. Go to preference : Window -> preference -> select Android
3. Browse and select the SDK Path (You can see the SDK version)
4. Apply and Close the preference popup

Create a demo Application
1. Open Eclipse and Create a new Android Project : File ->New -> Project -> Android Project
2. Enter the following data
1. project Name : Demo
2. Select Build Target : Android 1.1
3. Application Name : Demo
4. Package Name : com.demo
5. Create Activity : Demo
6. Min SDK Version : 2
3. Finally Click Finish
4. Check you application in project explorer
5. Run the your application : Run-> Run

About SDK Tool

You can find the following tools from your android sdk location
1. emulator – the emulator executable, that runs the APK files
2. adb – android debugger bridge, which is used to communicate with instances of the emulator
3. ddms – this is the debugger for the emulator executable

emulator – run your APK files
Run this program to launch the emulator that you can run your APK files in.
When you use plugins in your IDE to launch APK files, the emulator is started and the APK files are loaded it by the IDE.
otherwise you can using the below commands to install your application.

adb – install and uninstall APK files
The adb program is used to install APK files into the emulator that’s running.
Command : adb install
For example: “adb install SomeAndroidApp.apk”

To uninstall an APK file you have use adb to remove the file from the emulator itself.
For example: "adb shell rm data/app/SomeAndroidApp.apk"

*NOTE: To install or uninstall an APK file, please make sure that the emulator is already running.

ddms – debug and monitor your Android apps, and the emulator
This is the Android SDK emulator debugger. This is what you can do with your ebugger:

1. You can use this to look at LogCat output from your Android programs (Log.i(), Log.e(), etc) calls that are made in your Android program.
2. You can set the telephony status of your emulator. You can control the network data i/o speed and latency. You can even fake an incoming phone call into the emulator. You can even create an incoming SMS message.
3. You can take screenshots of the display of the emulator at any given time.
4. You can view the contents of the emulator’s filesystem. This is useful if you want to see where files are stored (that you download in your apps for example).

Here’s more information from Google Android docs on ddms.
The Eclipse plugin gives you full access to ddms functionality inside the IDE itself.

Emulator performance
To get an idea of what CPU speed your emulator is emulating try this:
1. start a shell session (adb shell),
2. then run "cat /proc/cpuinfo" to get the BogoMIPS.

1 comment:

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    Android app developer